Legal and Policy Framework on Women Welfare: An Inclusive Growth Strategy

Indian economy is progressive at the global phase in spite of certain social backlogs like corruption, normative social structure, social evils, violence against women, depriving the down trodden minority.  Overall development and growth is not uniform across all the sectors of the society. Large mass has been kept outside the development strategies. Social, political and economic protocol has to be monitored which ensure sustainable development assuring greatest welfare to the nation.  A uniform and common growth strategy shall implement and accelerate the deprived. Formulation of common developmental plan which is unique may bypass the diversities of incredible India.  This type of inclusive growth strategy shall create a platform for the broader benefits by emphasizing equality in allocating the resources, providing opportunities and services to every section of the society. Vision is kept highly on the pro-poor growth of the deprived. In Social structure men were kept unjustifiably superior which planted paternal bias, powerlessness and dependence of women. It boosted opportunities for vulnerability and crimes against women in the society, as violence is opposed to reason, human rights and welfare state principles. Hence, the legal system should ensure Education, Freedom, Dignity, Safety and Justice to women in all spheres highlighting the constitutional perspectives of gender equality. This paper tries to analyse the constitutional safeguards, legal mechanisms, developmental policies for women empowerment.

Terrestrial Radio Nuclides in the Soil of Udupi District and Gamma Dose Rate for the People

The paper discusses the results of detailed studies on gamma radiation levels, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K concentrations in soils of Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala Taluks of Coastal Karnataka region of India. The gamma absorbed dose rates were measured using portable GM survey meter and soil radioactivity was by gamma spectrometry method using an HPGe detector. The results show that the 226Ra concentration varies in the range 1.2 –78.0 Bq kg-1 with a mean of 30Bq kg-1, 232Th in the range of 1.6 - 166Bq kg-1 with a mean of 56Bq kg-1 and 40K in the range 12 – 477Bq kg-1 with a mean of 189Bq kg-1 in the 0-5 cm soil profile. The gamma absorbed dose rates, measured using the GM survey meter, show that the dose varies in the range of 70.0 - 123.0 nGy h-1. These values are comparable to those reported for other normal background regions of India.

Employee Health and Welfare - A Pathway to Organizational Success

This article focuses on the health and welfare provisions and its importance and influence on the development of both the employee and the organization.

In the present global industrial scenario, for any industry to be successful, it is essential to inculcate effective provision of health and welfare measures to employees. Any organization would become dynamic and growth oriented if the employees are motivated to perform better, feel better, and feel comfortable in the place of work. Organization cannot survive beyond a point unless these are continuously alert to the changing environment and continuously prepare their employees to meet the challenges and have an impact on environment as the welfare facility and health conditions are related to environment, providing these facilities will have a lot of impact on their performance and productivity. The term “health” is a positive and dynamic concept and implies more than an absence of illness. Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease (WHO). Medical care and health facilities for industrial workers form an integral part of labour welfare programmes in all the countries of the world. Health measures should be strictly followed to provide conducive working conditions to the employees at place of work. The various welfare measures provided by the employer will have immediate impact on the health, physical and mental efficiency alertness, morale and overall efficiency of the worker and thereby contributing to the higher productivity.

Hence this paper examines the different types of health facilities provided in the organization and awareness of the employees on the same, employee perception on various health provisions, its impact and significance on employee performance and growth of the organization with reference to five star hotels in, Mangalore. The population for the study consists of employees from one of the five star hotels in Mangalore and 50 respondents were taken for the study through systematic random sampling. The study has revealed that health and welfare measures results in high employee performance, contribute towards growth of the business, increase employee morale and motivation and organization can retain and attract the talented employees.

Behavioural Implications in Impoverishment of The Subaltern Sustainable Livelihood Models

There are several causative factors of perpetuation of poverty including economic, social, psychological, political, structural, cultural, environmental and physical. Among these the psychological factors particularly behavioral paradigm focus on social psychological reasons influencing the penetration and perpetuation of poverty. As regards the livelihood models of the poor most of them are not sustainable due to the influence of the behavioral structures and patterns of the poor making them circle around the whirlpool of impoverishment. The subaltern culture force them to stick on to such delimiting behaviours whether it is fatalism, idleness, addiction habits, debts, extravagancy, lack of saving, having no future financial plan and a host of others. It is a conceptual paper to analyse the behavioral implications in the perpetuation of poverty and consequently failure in sustainability of livelihood means. Educational illiteracy, growing unemployment, geographical and climatic hit backs add to the menace.  The paper calls for studies on prevailing structures and the need for social work intervention in terms of public participation towards social enterprises and social innovations to tackle the unsustainable nature of livelihood models of the poor. Extracts of interview with community leaders are added to support the theoretical framework. Social work methods, particularly community organization must focus upon this area to find suitable remedy.

Socio Economic Status and Working Conditions of Women Beedi Workers and The Need for Social Protection

The beedi industry is one of the biggest among the unorganized sectors spread all over India, employing a large number of women. The occupational life of Beedi workers are characterized by low wages, piece rated remuneration, lack of social security and absence of organization.  The majority are home based women workers who live under the poverty line. The beedi rolling is generally done by poor women in backward areas where the workers have usually no other means of sustainable employment.