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Production and Export of Organic Products: Opportunities and Challenges

Organic farming is one of the most important and celebrated systems of agriculture from the point of view of agricultural sustainability. It combines modern scientific techniques of cultivation with tradition to benefit the environment and ecosystem in general and promote a good quality of life for all in particular. It has a concealed production and trade opportunities for both developing and developed countries. The production and market for organic products have been growing continuously for the past two decades. Organic products are often traded with a price premium in domestic as well as international markets. However, the production and marketing possibilities are underutilized all over the world, especially in developing countries. The organic farming movement in India is showing modest growth both in terms of production and marketing. There exists an unexplored market potential for organic products both domestically and internationally.

Online Shopping during COVID-19 Pandemic

Online shopping is growing all over India and youth contributes a considerable proportion in the global internet users. The increase of online shopping has become a trend for consumers and recently there has been a massive change in the way of customer shopping. Pattern and preference towards online is mainly due to reasons like cash on delivery, discounts and different type of quality products offered. Increasing use of internet, satisfactory results in online shopping, rise in standard of living, influence of friendship and attractive offers had prompted people to prefer online shopping. Due to coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, there is a dramatic shift from in-person to online shopping. Consumers are relying on the digital world more than ever and businesses are forced to adapt their strategies and shift towards digital transformation with much more urgency than before.

Role and Experiences of Asha’s in Containing SuperSpread: A Study of Poonthura Village During Covid-19

During the COVID-19 pandemic, active frontline workers’ contribution and efforts amidst high risk helped Kerala, the state detected first covid-19 patient in India, take adequate measures and gain acclaim as a model against the pandemic all over the world (Andrews, 2020). The duties of the health workers multiplied in the regions of high-test positivity rate as well as population density. ASHA workers, has come to the rescue of state government to carry out community level activities such as tracking positive cases, identifying symptomatic cases, monitoring people with travel history and a host of pandemic management protocol based standard operating procedures to be administered. Poonthura in Thiruvananthapuram district is one of the tightlyclustered localities home to low-income families. Located in the coastal region of Kerala’s capital city witnessed a ‘super-spread’ of 200 cases in the month of July 2020 due to the reported resilience in complying with social distancing norms. This paper explores the major activities done by the ASHA workers during the pandemic, the challenges faced and the coping strategies against the covid-19 crisis. The cases were identified based on findings of the pilot study conducted in different coastal villages of Thiruvananthapuram district. It was found that community engagement through field work; telephone calls to the affected; house visits and prompt reporting to the authorities were the crucial duties performed by ASHA workers. Amidst several physical, psychosocial and social challenges, with the help of the authority, they could handle the situation in a proper manner. Such preventive and action-based strategies are encapsulated in the current research.

Synthesis of Au-Ag Bimetallic Nanoparticles Using Melastoma Malabathricum Flower Extract

Au-Ag bimetallic nanoparticles exhibit unique optical, electronic and catalytic properties different from their monometallic counterparts. This paper reports a simple cost-effective and eco-friendly solution based phytosynthesis of Au-Ag bimetallic nanoparticles. Synthesis of bimetallic Au-Ag nanoparticles was carried out using the co-reduction of mixture of different proportions of 0.25 mM AgNO3 and 0.25 mM HAuCl4.3H2O solutions at 50 degree C using Melastoma malabathricum flower extract. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) instrument and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The presence of single surface plasmon resonance peak in the absorption spectra suggested the formation of alloy type Au-Ag nanoparticles. The morphology studies were carried out using micrographs taken using FESEM and TEM. TEM micrographs revealed the presence of both alloy type and core–shell type bimetallic Au-Ag nanoparticles. The elemental analysis carried out using EDX spectrum showed the presence of both Au and Ag in the synthesized bimetallic nanoparticles.

A Study on the Plight of the Students in the Time of Covid-19 Pandemic

Education is considered as one of the basic essentials of every individual. Student life is one the important stages where each individual gains the knowledge and mould himself to what he expects to be. The wave of the corona has showed no mercy even in the education sector, it adversely affected the students and their academics. The Investigators had the keen interest to know the current situations and challenges of the students and the expectations of the students that they hold in the present situation towards the education. Objectives of the study is to understand the present situation of the students, the problems faced by the students, to know whether students expect any alternative education methods and to know the alternative methods adopted to improve their education level in the current situation. The research design used is descriptive in nature. The results show that 66.1% of the students believe that their education has been affected severely due to the pandemic and 51.65% of students think the quality of education they should receive is not being received, also 46.9% students believe that they have lost their concentration level towards their studies. The overall result of the survey states that the students are facing a critical situation and the students, while dealing with current scenario, also undergoing depression. They have to be provided with proper guidance and training to deal with the current scenario and improve the quality of education.

Factors Affecting Housing Loan Decisions of Rural People in Kerala: A Study of Vellarikkundu Taluk in Kasaragod

Housing Finance plays a vital role as an engine of equitable economic growth through the reduction of poverty and prevents slum proliferation in economy. The demand for housing has increased rapidly day by day. Percentage of families owing house in India is 87 percent. The introduction of banking finance for housing purposes is a big boost to the customers and the economy. It is also linked with other industries like cement, steel, blue metal, and so on. The housing finance decisions of people in rural areas are influenced by a number of factors. They also were facing different problems while getting such loans. Interest rate of the loan varies from institution to institution, the period of repayment of loan ranges between 5 to 20 years and some enjoy tax benefit.

Innotransformative Trajectory of the Pandemic Covid-19

 The data on Coronavirus were changing on daily basis, and it was difficult to provide current statistics for the affected, recovered and casualties. However, based on some initial studies, a few characteristics were emerging for this virus. This paper is based on the review of published papers in journals and news papers about multifaced effects of the pandemic. The review shows that there is an innovative transformation in the form of the trajectory of the pandemic in different spears of human life. Starting from the event in China its spread in 97% of the nations created economic, social, psychological, environmental, ethical and work life issues. The result of the studies upon the pandemic is exhaustive and only selected spears were analysed to arrive at the conclusion of its transformative results and characteristics.

A Study on the Transport Behaviour of Cobalt (Co) in Mangroves

Mangroves are a unique habitat rich in biodiversity. They are known as the plant army of the land. Present study is an attempt to simulate the accumulation and transport behaviour of cobalt by mangroves in sewage sludge included soil. Plants found on such fields absorb heavy metals, which causes phyto-toxicity. This manuscript is based on the dynamic macroscopic numerical model for heavy metal movement. The model is applied for simulating cobalt transport by Common Derris (Derris trifoliate) and Sea Holly (Acanthus ilicifolius) using measured field information. The controlling non-linear differential equations are settled numerically utilizing MATLAB.

Alternative Organizational Climate, Changing Scenarios in Catholic Hospitals

Changing scenario of organizational climate in the catholic hospitals of Kerala and Karnataka were studied in the context of job satisfaction. The methodology used was qualitative in approach and narrative in design. The paper focused on the subjective experiences of selected nurses and ancillary staff. The objective of the part of the doctoral study was focused on the variables such as; 1) Communication flow, organizational structure and methodology of change in the administration, 2) Management policies in decision making, professional and personal growth 3) Personnel treatment in terms of organizational warmth and recognition and free from exploitation and stress and 4) Job Satisfaction, work group, leadership and communication. The result showed positive and favourable experience from the part of nursing and ancillary staff in both the states deriving an innovative model in the area of organizational climate that could be replicated in service-oriented health institutions.

Pros and Cons of Government Support in Creation of Women Entrepreneurship in Medium and Large Scale Industries in South India

Today, women in India are scaling equal to that of men in different fields of business, which enabled government to concentrate on creation and development of women entrepreneurship in India. Government of India has launched different financial and other schemes in which some are meant specially for women like Stand-Up India scheme which provides loan only to women and SC/ST entrepreneurs. As on 31.01.2020, 70% of the total loan borrowers of Pradhan Mantri MUDRA are Women. As on 17.02.2020, more than 81% account holders under Stand Up India Scheme are women and Rs. 9106.13 crore has been disbursed for women account holders. We can find women’s taking initiatives in different fields but majority of the women entrepreneurs are limiting themselves to small sector. Even though this is help them to become self-employed but focusing on medium and large scale entrepreneurship can help to boost the economic growth. Therefore, the present study tries to find out reasons behind women’s taking entrepreneurship in small sectors in large number instead of medium and large scale entrepreneurship. Primary data using telephonic interview, have been extracted from women entrepreneurs who have taken government support in creating their entrepreneurial initiative. Convenience sampling method has been used to select samples.

Entrepreneurial qualities and skills are essential for industrial development as well as eradication of poverty by means of creating self employment and employment to others. The Central and the State governments are trying their best for promotion of entrepreneurship among the economically backward castes, particularly scheduled castes and scheduled tribes through policy measures and institutional network. Keeping in view the need and importance of the entrepreneurship development among under privileged communities in the present era of globalisation, the present study is undertaken to probe into the entrepreneurial process, problems and challenges faced by the SC/ST entrepreneurs and to make some possible suggestions.

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