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Sunrise from the Debris: Mansarovar Model of Slum People's Participatory Emancipation

Urbanization and fleeing from villages to cities are very high in India. Urban population and economy are mixed one where we meet richest and poorest, people highly accessed to all the facilities and people extremely neglected even for their primary needs, some living in luxuries and others striving for the survival. Urban slums are also in some extent neglected face of urban life. There are around 6.5 crore people living in urban slums in India. If we look at the top ten states having high rate of slum population Maharashtra comes first and Delhi comes at 10th rank. This research study is based on the works done by an NGO in a slum called Mansarovar Park, Delhi. This paper is dealing with the issues and problems that slum people had undergone in relation to their health and hygiene, education transportation etc and how the NGO could intervene on the issues and problems. This is a qualitative study based on the focused group discussion conducted on 14th November 2021 at Mansarovar Park Slum, Dilshad Garden, Delhi. There were seven participants in the focused group discussion among them four were representing the slum, then social worker and two researchers. The data recorded and it presented in verbatim form and it is analyzed and presented here thematically. The major findings of the study are that: There were health and hygienic issues which led to malaria and other diseases; people were aware of the need of awakening from the current situation to build up a healthy environment for their survival and this particular NGO played a vital role for the empowerment and sensitization of the people and enhancing people participation in the slum by supportive systems.

FDI and Its Relationship with Macroeconomic Variables

FDI refers to capital inflows from abroad that are invested to enhance the production capacity of the economy. FDI and economic growth has long been a subject of great interest in the field of international growth. In the era of volatile flows of global capital, the stability of FDI emerges as an effective channel to faster economic growth. In developing countries it plays an important role in the long-term development of a country as a source of capital and for enhancing competitiveness of the domestic economy through transfer of technology, strengthening infrastructure, raising productivity and generating new employment opportunities.

Spinal Cord Injury and Employment: Lived Experiences of Individuals with Paraplegia

Spinal cord injury that damages the spinal cord causes loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the body parts of a person with paraplegia. The injury affects their life physically, mentally, socially and economically. As time progresses, they should make adjustments for survival. A steady income and employment which provides self-identity are of utmost importance in this situation. But acquiring a job and maintaining it, is very difficult now, as there is competition in every field. This study explores the experiences in employment of persons with paraplegia. The study tries to explore the influencing factors that helped the individuals to continue their employment, their perceived advantages of working after becoming paraplegic and major challenges of work. The study adopted a qualitative framework. Five case studies are conducted. The findings of the study reveal that apart from financial independence, employment helps spinal cord injured persons to gain confidence, self-esteem and create a good identity for them. This improves their quality of life and increases social interactions. The study suggests that it is high time to improve the vocational rehabilitation facilities for spinal cord injury in the state and to consider their participation with improved societal and environmental development.

Psychosocial Problems of Pregnant Women: A Study with Special Reference to Kadaba Taluk

Psychosocial factors influence a person psychologically or socially. Psychosocial problems include mood changes, anxiety, fatigue, sleepiness, depression, urinary infection, panic disorders and others. In this study researcher had taken 50 respondents from Kadaba taluk, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka State. Study used structured questionnaire among 5 to 9 months pregnant women. Researcher used both primary and secondary sources of data and this study shows that 98% of respondents are having back pain problem and were well treated by in- laws. This research revealed almost 80% respondents were economically poor. The study result showed that 82% of the pregnant women got sufficient care from the family.

Production and Export of Organic Products: Opportunities and Challenges

Organic farming is one of the most important and celebrated systems of agriculture from the point of view of agricultural sustainability. It combines modern scientific techniques of cultivation with tradition to benefit the environment and ecosystem in general and promote a good quality of life for all in particular. It has a concealed production and trade opportunities for both developing and developed countries. The production and market for organic products have been growing continuously for the past two decades. Organic products are often traded with a price premium in domestic as well as international markets. However, the production and marketing possibilities are underutilized all over the world, especially in developing countries. The organic farming movement in India is showing modest growth both in terms of production and marketing. There exists an unexplored market potential for organic products both domestically and internationally.

Online Shopping during COVID-19 Pandemic

Online shopping is growing all over India and youth contributes a considerable proportion in the global internet users. The increase of online shopping has become a trend for consumers and recently there has been a massive change in the way of customer shopping. Pattern and preference towards online is mainly due to reasons like cash on delivery, discounts and different type of quality products offered. Increasing use of internet, satisfactory results in online shopping, rise in standard of living, influence of friendship and attractive offers had prompted people to prefer online shopping. Due to coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, there is a dramatic shift from in-person to online shopping. Consumers are relying on the digital world more than ever and businesses are forced to adapt their strategies and shift towards digital transformation with much more urgency than before.

Role and Experiences of Asha’s in Containing SuperSpread: A Study of Poonthura Village During Covid-19

During the COVID-19 pandemic, active frontline workers’ contribution and efforts amidst high risk helped Kerala, the state detected first covid-19 patient in India, take adequate measures and gain acclaim as a model against the pandemic all over the world (Andrews, 2020). The duties of the health workers multiplied in the regions of high-test positivity rate as well as population density. ASHA workers, has come to the rescue of state government to carry out community level activities such as tracking positive cases, identifying symptomatic cases, monitoring people with travel history and a host of pandemic management protocol based standard operating procedures to be administered. Poonthura in Thiruvananthapuram district is one of the tightlyclustered localities home to low-income families. Located in the coastal region of Kerala’s capital city witnessed a ‘super-spread’ of 200 cases in the month of July 2020 due to the reported resilience in complying with social distancing norms. This paper explores the major activities done by the ASHA workers during the pandemic, the challenges faced and the coping strategies against the covid-19 crisis. The cases were identified based on findings of the pilot study conducted in different coastal villages of Thiruvananthapuram district. It was found that community engagement through field work; telephone calls to the affected; house visits and prompt reporting to the authorities were the crucial duties performed by ASHA workers. Amidst several physical, psychosocial and social challenges, with the help of the authority, they could handle the situation in a proper manner. Such preventive and action-based strategies are encapsulated in the current research.

Synthesis of Au-Ag Bimetallic Nanoparticles Using Melastoma Malabathricum Flower Extract

Au-Ag bimetallic nanoparticles exhibit unique optical, electronic and catalytic properties different from their monometallic counterparts. This paper reports a simple cost-effective and eco-friendly solution based phytosynthesis of Au-Ag bimetallic nanoparticles. Synthesis of bimetallic Au-Ag nanoparticles was carried out using the co-reduction of mixture of different proportions of 0.25 mM AgNO3 and 0.25 mM HAuCl4.3H2O solutions at 50 degree C using Melastoma malabathricum flower extract. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) instrument and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The presence of single surface plasmon resonance peak in the absorption spectra suggested the formation of alloy type Au-Ag nanoparticles. The morphology studies were carried out using micrographs taken using FESEM and TEM. TEM micrographs revealed the presence of both alloy type and core–shell type bimetallic Au-Ag nanoparticles. The elemental analysis carried out using EDX spectrum showed the presence of both Au and Ag in the synthesized bimetallic nanoparticles.

A Study on the Plight of the Students in the Time of Covid-19 Pandemic

Education is considered as one of the basic essentials of every individual. Student life is one the important stages where each individual gains the knowledge and mould himself to what he expects to be. The wave of the corona has showed no mercy even in the education sector, it adversely affected the students and their academics. The Investigators had the keen interest to know the current situations and challenges of the students and the expectations of the students that they hold in the present situation towards the education. Objectives of the study is to understand the present situation of the students, the problems faced by the students, to know whether students expect any alternative education methods and to know the alternative methods adopted to improve their education level in the current situation. The research design used is descriptive in nature. The results show that 66.1% of the students believe that their education has been affected severely due to the pandemic and 51.65% of students think the quality of education they should receive is not being received, also 46.9% students believe that they have lost their concentration level towards their studies. The overall result of the survey states that the students are facing a critical situation and the students, while dealing with current scenario, also undergoing depression. They have to be provided with proper guidance and training to deal with the current scenario and improve the quality of education.

Factors Affecting Housing Loan Decisions of Rural People in Kerala: A Study of Vellarikkundu Taluk in Kasaragod

Housing Finance plays a vital role as an engine of equitable economic growth through the reduction of poverty and prevents slum proliferation in economy. The demand for housing has increased rapidly day by day. Percentage of families owing house in India is 87 percent. The introduction of banking finance for housing purposes is a big boost to the customers and the economy. It is also linked with other industries like cement, steel, blue metal, and so on. The housing finance decisions of people in rural areas are influenced by a number of factors. They also were facing different problems while getting such loans. Interest rate of the loan varies from institution to institution, the period of repayment of loan ranges between 5 to 20 years and some enjoy tax benefit.

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