Spinal cord injury that damages the spinal cord causes loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the body parts of a person with paraplegia. The injury affects their life physically, mentally, socially and economically. As time progresses, they should make adjustments for survival. A steady income and employment which provides self-identity are of utmost importance in this situation. But acquiring a job and maintaining it, is very difficult now, as there is competition in every field. This study explores the experiences in employment of persons with paraplegia. The study tries to explore the influencing factors that helped the individuals to continue their employment, their perceived advantages of working after becoming paraplegic and major challenges of work. The study adopted a qualitative framework. Five case studies are conducted. The findings of the study reveal that apart from financial independence, employment helps spinal cord injured persons to gain confidence, self-esteem and create a good identity for them. This improves their quality of life and increases social interactions. The study suggests that it is high time to improve the vocational rehabilitation facilities for spinal cord injury in the state and to consider their participation with improved societal and environmental development.
Psychosocial factors influence a person psychologically or socially. Psychosocial problems include mood changes, anxiety, fatigue, sleepiness, depression, urinary infection, panic disorders and others. In this study researcher had taken 50 respondents from Kadaba taluk, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka State. Study used structured questionnaire among 5 to 9 months pregnant women. Researcher used both primary and secondary sources of data and this study shows that 98% of respondents are having back pain problem and were well treated by in- laws. This research revealed almost 80% respondents were economically poor. The study result showed that 82% of the pregnant women got sufficient care from the family.
Urbanization and fleeing from villages to cities are very high in India. Urban population and economy are mixed one where we meet richest and poorest, people highly accessed to all the facilities and people extremely neglected even for their primary needs, some living in luxuries and others striving for the survival. Urban slums are also in some extent neglected face of urban life. There are around 6.5 crore people living in urban slums in India. If we look at the top ten states having high rate of slum population Maharashtra comes first and Delhi comes at 10th rank. This research study is based on the works done by an NGO in a slum called Mansarovar Park, Delhi. This paper is dealing with the issues and problems that slum people had undergone in relation to their health and hygiene, education transportation etc and how the NGO could intervene on the issues and problems. This is a qualitative study based on the focused group discussion conducted on 14th November 2021 at Mansarovar Park Slum, Dilshad Garden, Delhi. There were seven participants in the focused group discussion among them four were representing the slum, then social worker and two researchers. The data recorded and it presented in verbatim form and it is analyzed and presented here thematically. The major findings of the study are that: There were health and hygienic issues which led to malaria and other diseases; people were aware of the need of awakening from the current situation to build up a healthy environment for their survival and this particular NGO played a vital role for the empowerment and sensitization of the people and enhancing people participation in the slum by supportive systems.
FDI refers to capital inflows from abroad that are invested to enhance the production capacity of the economy. FDI and economic growth has long been a subject of great interest in the field of international growth. In the era of volatile flows of global capital, the stability of FDI emerges as an effective channel to faster economic growth. In developing countries it plays an important role in the long-term development of a country as a source of capital and for enhancing competitiveness of the domestic economy through transfer of technology, strengthening infrastructure, raising productivity and generating new employment opportunities.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, active frontline workers’ contribution and efforts amidst high risk helped Kerala, the state detected first covid-19 patient in India, take adequate measures and gain acclaim as a model against the pandemic all over the world (Andrews, 2020). The duties of the health workers multiplied in the regions of high-test positivity rate as well as population density. ASHA workers, has come to the rescue of state government to carry out community level activities such as tracking positive cases, identifying symptomatic cases, monitoring people with travel history and a host of pandemic management protocol based standard operating procedures to be administered. Poonthura in Thiruvananthapuram district is one of the tightlyclustered localities home to low-income families. Located in the coastal region of Kerala’s capital city witnessed a ‘super-spread’ of 200 cases in the month of July 2020 due to the reported resilience in complying with social distancing norms. This paper explores the major activities done by the ASHA workers during the pandemic, the challenges faced and the coping strategies against the covid-19 crisis. The cases were identified based on findings of the pilot study conducted in different coastal villages of Thiruvananthapuram district. It was found that community engagement through field work; telephone calls to the affected; house visits and prompt reporting to the authorities were the crucial duties performed by ASHA workers. Amidst several physical, psychosocial and social challenges, with the help of the authority, they could handle the situation in a proper manner. Such preventive and action-based strategies are encapsulated in the current research.