The etching is a process of modifying the flat smooth surface to identify the structure, phases, and other effects such as the orientation of grains, deformation and distribution of solute elements. Due to the chemical reaction between the etchant and the detector material, some molecules of the detectors are removed. The etchant used for LR-115 detectors in the present study is aqueous NaOH solution with 2.5 N. The bulk etch rate has been estimated by varying the etching time, keeping the etching temperature constant. It has seen that, the bulk etch rate remains almost constant during etching. The result indicates that, rate of chemical etching is uniform in different intervals of etching time. The average bulk etch rate obtained from experiments was in good agreement with the standard value obtained from earlier experiments.
The present research measured The Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of productive resources used in homestead poultry broiler farms in Niger State of Nigeria, using structured questionnaire complemented with interview schedule to collect cross-sectional data from a drawn sample size of 97 active broiler producers via multi-stage sampling design. The data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings from the study showed evidence of productive labour force in the enterprise, literate farming population with sustainable household size typical of African agrarian setting. The enterprise was found to be profitable in the studied area. Furthermore, findings showed that marginally above the sampling population were productive in the utilization of their input resources which may be due to technical awareness of the modern poultry management techniques in the studied area. Thereafter, it was observed that gender status, experience, capital source and operational capital were the factors undermining farmers TFP. Therefore, study recommended gender sensitization and the need for public private partnership synergy to explore the untapped potentials in this sub-sector in the studied area as almost half of the farmers were found not to be productive in the utilization of their resources.
Modern business is witnessing robust activity and innovations in two areas – entrepreneurship and human resource management (HRM) and the two are not necessarily separate. Entrepreneurship is being redefined. With qualitative changes in development indices in general and women development in particular, newer and more challenging areas and roles for women are being explored and extended. Women entrepreneurs are being identified for their independent contributions. Development of women entrepreneurship is considered a lucrative leverage to acquire a level playing field for women, in a male predominant society and economy.
In a country like India where some of the women are much neglected, there are some who have soared higher. Thanks to these powerful ladies, that they have faced struggles challenges and made their way to the top list of entrepreneurs in India. This has not only helped the society economically but also has done a lot in terms of exposing the potential that a woman holds. Women as business leaders, team leaders, innovators etc. are having a multiplier effect on the process of women empowerment too. Women constitute around half of the total world population. So is in India also. In modern societies, they have come out of the four walls to participate in all sorts of activities. The global evidences buttress that women have been performing exceedingly well in different spheres of activities like academics, politics, administration, social work and so on. The focus on economic development has made women the ‘subjects’ rather than ‘objects’ of development and ‘change agents’ rather than ‘welfare recipients’. In the past rural women concentrated on traditional activities, but now due to the spread of education and favorable government policies towards self-employment and skill development, women have changed their attitude and diverted towards non-traditional activities too. (e.g. engineering, IT etc.). However, the dual role of women still remains a dilemma and a challenge. Here too many have succeeded in ‘management’ of resources including time. Entrepreneurship provides them a satisfaction and assimilates a deep sense of accomplishment to create their own individuality in the society. This paper analyses the role and contributions of women entrepreneurs in different sectors. The objectives of this paper are (i) to evaluate the present status of women entrepreneurship and its determinants; and (ii) to identify the various problems and alternative avenues/strategies in promoting integrated women entrepreneurship in India. The study is a qualitative one and is based on secondary data.
Social work is a professional and academic discipline that seeks to improve the quality of life and enhance wellbeing of individuals, families, couples, groups, and communities through research, policy planning, community development, direct practice, crisis intervention, ensuring social welfare and security for those affected by social disadvantages such as poverty, psychosocial care to mentally and physically disabled, and raising voices against social injustice for social reforms, including social actions against violations of civil liberties and human rights.
Objectives of the study are to explore the nature of social work intervention and to discover the relationship between medical social worker intervention and patient satisfaction.
Methodology includes both qualitative and quantitative methods using in- depth interview and structured interview schedule. A total no, of 100 samples were collected for screening and 10 samples taken for case study.
Results and discussion shows that the social worker’s psycho-social intervention in hospital would help the patient to open up and understand their problem, cope with the situation, follow up of the treatment and take proper decision, to lead future life in a better way. This study shows that effectiveness of medical social worker intervention in reducing the psycho-social problems both patient and the family members. Motivation, therapies, different health related educations, positive reinforcement and suggestions helped patients to adjust with the situation and overcome from the problem. Social worker plays a major role in every setting, especially in the entire process of rehabilitation, hospital setting and NGOs to provide psycho-social support to the people.
Psycho-social problems have been identified as vital among adolescents at particular times when they enter the Pre-University. The various reasons were examination stress, personal and family life events. Psychosocial health problems are one of the hidden public health problems amongst the children and adolescents. Early identification, diagnosis and interventions are very important for preventing further complications. The aim of the study is to assess the psycho-social problems among adolescent students of selected Pre-University colleges. Taking 286 adolescent students from 3 Pre University Colleges of Belthangady Taluk of Dakshina Kannada district were selected through purposive sampling method. A set of structured questionnaire and Y-PSC was adopted to collect data, which were analyzed using SPSS software. Out of 286 adolescent students 25.5% were suffering with psychosocial dysfunction. Female students (17.5%) were more affected, compared to male students (8%). The psycho-social condition is significantly associated with demographic variable age and the type of abuse at home. More active measures like awareness and education programs for students, training for parents and teachers need to be given to take care of psychological and social health of adolescents.