The etching is a process of modifying the flat smooth surface to identify the structure, phases, and other effects such as the orientation of grains, deformation and distribution of solute elements. Due to the chemical reaction between the etchant and the detector material, some molecules of the detectors are removed. The etchant used for LR-115 detectors in the present study is aqueous NaOH solution with 2.5 N. The bulk etch rate has been estimated by varying the etching time, keeping the etching temperature constant. It has seen that, the bulk etch rate remains almost constant during etching. The result indicates that, rate of chemical etching is uniform in different intervals of etching time. The average bulk etch rate obtained from experiments was in good agreement with the standard value obtained from earlier experiments.
Religious beliefs of persons who seek medical care is very often discussed in research circles to find out its impact or efficacy in the very healing process. The paper based on a masters level study in medical social work tries to explore the influence of religious background of the persons who seek medical care in different hospitals having a religious significance. The study is qualitative in nature and based on available literature and case studies try to explore the importance of religious beliefs and practices in choosing the type of hospitals for treatment. The study result shows significant correlation between the choice of the patient and religious orientation of the place of treatment at greater extent.
A Study on Organizational Climate and Job Satisfaction: A Critical Analysis on the Personnel in Catholic Hospitals in Kerala
Organisational climate is the human environment in which the employees work and it provides a favourable or unfavourable setting for Job satisfaction. This paper is a pre-research discussion based on available literature upon Organisational climate and Job satisfaction in the perspective of prospective study on Organizational climate in relation to Job satisfaction in the context of Catholic hospitals in the state of Kerala, India. The literature survey indicates a positive correlation between Organisational climate and Job satisfaction. However, the variables that determine the organisational climate in a Catholic hospital would be different from other private hospitals. Therefore, there could be remarkable variation in the Job satisfaction derived in such situation. The present study is following a mixed methodology as the quantitative data will provide correlation between the variables and qualitative data would help in objective analysis of subjective experience of the clients studied
Art has its history from the time immemorial. Art being the creative expression of human being now integrated in the education system with multifaceted objectives to make learning interesting and to make learning process proactive, interactive, participatory and more effective in cognitive, affective and attitude enhancement levels. This paper is based on a qualitative study in a CBSE school in Assam using ethnographic methodology to analyse and appreciate the practical implication of art integration at primary and secondary education levels. The study used focused group discussion to collect opinions of teachers, students and parents and general discussion based on available literature. The study result shows that art integration created interest in studies and made the students active participants in the learning process. It also enhanced better parental appreciation and made teachers to adopt student-oriented education methods and pedagogy. As the CBSE curriculum insist on art integrated education from the year 2019, the attempt is a valid model to be replicated across the country in India and beyond the border.
Role and Support of Animal Husbandry Programmes for the Promotion of Farmers in Kerala: A Study from Kasaragod
The study examined the role and developmental support of animal husbandry programmes for the promotion of farmers in the rural areas of Kerala and revealed the dependence on their livelihood. Livestock includes cow, sheep, goat, buffalo and poultry. Majority of the farmers have only primary level education. Climate change, low availability of fodder and feed, disease and lack of veterinary services are the major problems. Absence of good access to market and unavailability of various incentives for improving the care and breeding of animals create lot of problems to farmers.