Empowering the Small Rubber Growers through Rubber Producers’ Societies in Non-traditional Areas of Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka: An Analysis

The Indian rubber plantation sector is dominated by smallholdings, which account for almost 93 percent of the total rubber production in the country. Small rubber growers suffer from problems like low productivity, poor quality of processing and weak marketing system. The prevalence of smallholdings makes the sector vulnerable to fluctuations in price, exploitation by intermediaries, etc. To overcome the problems of small rubber growers, the formation of co-operatives called Rubber Producers’ Societies (RPSs) was suggested. The present study has assessed the role of RPSs in Empowering the Small Rubber Growers in providing services for input delivery, processing and marketing of natural rubber in DK. The study has revealed that RPS members have a lower cost of production and better price realization for their product compared to non-members. Group processing and community smoke house facility help in production of good quality rubber sheets. Key services provided by RPSs have been under five major categories, viz. marketing, financial efficiency, infrastructural and social factors.

Social Innovation in the Community Rehabilitation of the People with Mental Illness: Cases of Faith Based Initiatives

Many a situations social work approaches in addressing a host of issues like income deprivations, displacement, disability, racism, communal conflicts, and social exclusion can be explained as social innovations, as novel solutions to such issues are needed to make it more sustainable and efficient through social value creation. In Indian situation care giving of the differently abled particularly those having mental illness is a matter of grave concern. Varied approaches including institutionalized care and family and community based care are tried out in different contexts depending on the nature and severity of illness. The present paper tries to examine the rehabilitation of the differently abled through the individual initiatives inspired by faith dimensions of Catholic Church lasting over a period of twenty years in the State of Kerala and outside. The objective is to explore the process and outcome dimensions of such social innovation to find out the motivating drivers which makes this programme sustainable. The personal and familial dedication is also come under the purview of analysis.  The paper is the outcome of the pilot study conducted on the theme as part of the doctoral research of the first author where the study adopted a Grounded Theory Approach and Methodology to analyse and theorise the processes and outcomes of such initiatives. Being a qualitative study a conceptual framework is given to such home based social innovation rooted in faith based dimensions with social value creation for ensuring sustainability leading to a social mission. The committed and sustained involvement of the community and the neighbourhood generated an innovative model for care of the mentally challenged. The preliminary results of the pilot study brings out new relationships and innovative drives and motivations exceptional to the traditional philanthropic methods as well as professional care and rehabilitation approaches thereby characterising social innovation in care giving and rehabilitation of the mentally ill.

Female Child Trafficking and Social Work Intervention

Thousands of women and children are trafficked every day. Human trafficking, or trafficking persons, is a form of modern-day slavery. Every country in the world is affected by human trafficking and it is third largest revenue generated activity in India. Trafficking of human beings especially female child has increased over the last decade. Nearly 60% of the victims of trafficking are below 18 years of age (NCRB 2005). National Human Rights Commission Report on Trafficking Women and Children, in India the population of women and children in sex work  is stated to be between 70,000 and 1 million. There are legal protocols for prevention, suppression and punishment related to immoral trafficking. Nations are also attempting to combat this trafficking inhuman misery through Legislative, Executive and social action including Planned Social work Intervention is required for getting female child victims out of the control of traffickers, controllers and exploiters as a priority as is enabling victims to recover and reintegrate into society.

Appraisal of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in Bidar District (Karnataka): Knowledge, Attitude and Utilization Pattern of the Beneficiaries

The Janani Suraksha Yojna (JSY) is a government of  India’s vital scheme for speedy decreasing maternal and infant mortality rates with a precise focus on increasing institutional and safe deliveries for the families belong to the below poverty line (BPL) category. This study is basically a cross-sectional community based survey done in Bidar district (North Karnataka) of JSY beneficiary  using random sampling on a population proportionate basis. Through this study, Socio-demographic factors, antenatal services availed and stake holders’ opinions were studied using scheduled questionnaires. This study has found that there is a requirement to create more awareness among rural population about the utilization of this JSY scheme. Stake holders should also take action for implementation process. Targeting remote areas, SC./ST population, special measures and encouraging more antenatal visits are necessary, prerequisites to get better  impact out of  JSY is need of the hour. This paper is based on the series  of studies conducted  in  the selected district in Karnataka under ICMR funded project.

WTO and India – Agreements and Arguments

 The establishment of the WTO – which is celebrating its 20th anniversary in 2015 – was a “dream comes true” for international economists and policymakers. It ushered in the era of modern globalisation. The WTO though its Principles and Agreements has been significantly influencing the global business environment it aslo has the domestic business environment in the member-countries. India, one of the founder-members of the WTO has had to substantially liberalise her imports paving the way for increasing competition for domestic firms, mainly by the MNCs. India, a less developed agrarian economy has many challenges to face post WTO. Liberalisation comes with a cost for man-in-environment. This paper examines some of the gains and pains of India as far as WTO is concerned. It suggests “managed globalisation” rather than anti-globalisation per se.