Social Innovation in the Community Rehabilitation of the People with Mental Illness: Cases of Faith Based Initiatives

Many a situations social work approaches in addressing a host of issues like income deprivations, displacement, disability, racism, communal conflicts, and social exclusion can be explained as social innovations, as novel solutions to such issues are needed to make it more sustainable and efficient through social value creation. In Indian situation care giving of the differently abled particularly those having mental illness is a matter of grave concern. Varied approaches including institutionalized care and family and community based care are tried out in different contexts depending on the nature and severity of illness. The present paper tries to examine the rehabilitation of the differently abled through the individual initiatives inspired by faith dimensions of Catholic Church lasting over a period of twenty years in the State of Kerala and outside. The objective is to explore the process and outcome dimensions of such social innovation to find out the motivating drivers which makes this programme sustainable. The personal and familial dedication is also come under the purview of analysis.  The paper is the outcome of the pilot study conducted on the theme as part of the doctoral research of the first author where the study adopted a Grounded Theory Approach and Methodology to analyse and theorise the processes and outcomes of such initiatives. Being a qualitative study a conceptual framework is given to such home based social innovation rooted in faith based dimensions with social value creation for ensuring sustainability leading to a social mission. The committed and sustained involvement of the community and the neighbourhood generated an innovative model for care of the mentally challenged. The preliminary results of the pilot study brings out new relationships and innovative drives and motivations exceptional to the traditional philanthropic methods as well as professional care and rehabilitation approaches thereby characterising social innovation in care giving and rehabilitation of the mentally ill.

Female Child Trafficking and Social Work Intervention

Thousands of women and children are trafficked every day. Human trafficking, or trafficking persons, is a form of modern-day slavery. Every country in the world is affected by human trafficking and it is third largest revenue generated activity in India. Trafficking of human beings especially female child has increased over the last decade. Nearly 60% of the victims of trafficking are below 18 years of age (NCRB 2005). National Human Rights Commission Report on Trafficking Women and Children, in India the population of women and children in sex work  is stated to be between 70,000 and 1 million. There are legal protocols for prevention, suppression and punishment related to immoral trafficking. Nations are also attempting to combat this trafficking inhuman misery through Legislative, Executive and social action including Planned Social work Intervention is required for getting female child victims out of the control of traffickers, controllers and exploiters as a priority as is enabling victims to recover and reintegrate into society.

Appraisal of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in Bidar District (Karnataka): Knowledge, Attitude and Utilization Pattern of the Beneficiaries

The Janani Suraksha Yojna (JSY) is a government of  India’s vital scheme for speedy decreasing maternal and infant mortality rates with a precise focus on increasing institutional and safe deliveries for the families belong to the below poverty line (BPL) category. This study is basically a cross-sectional community based survey done in Bidar district (North Karnataka) of JSY beneficiary  using random sampling on a population proportionate basis. Through this study, Socio-demographic factors, antenatal services availed and stake holders’ opinions were studied using scheduled questionnaires. This study has found that there is a requirement to create more awareness among rural population about the utilization of this JSY scheme. Stake holders should also take action for implementation process. Targeting remote areas, SC./ST population, special measures and encouraging more antenatal visits are necessary, prerequisites to get better  impact out of  JSY is need of the hour. This paper is based on the series  of studies conducted  in  the selected district in Karnataka under ICMR funded project.

WTO and India – Agreements and Arguments

 The establishment of the WTO – which is celebrating its 20th anniversary in 2015 – was a “dream comes true” for international economists and policymakers. It ushered in the era of modern globalisation. The WTO though its Principles and Agreements has been significantly influencing the global business environment it aslo has the domestic business environment in the member-countries. India, one of the founder-members of the WTO has had to substantially liberalise her imports paving the way for increasing competition for domestic firms, mainly by the MNCs. India, a less developed agrarian economy has many challenges to face post WTO. Liberalisation comes with a cost for man-in-environment. This paper examines some of the gains and pains of India as far as WTO is concerned. It suggests “managed globalisation” rather than anti-globalisation per se.

Legal and Policy Framework on Women Welfare: An Inclusive Growth Strategy

Indian economy is progressive at the global phase in spite of certain social backlogs like corruption, normative social structure, social evils, violence against women, depriving the down trodden minority.  Overall development and growth is not uniform across all the sectors of the society. Large mass has been kept outside the development strategies. Social, political and economic protocol has to be monitored which ensure sustainable development assuring greatest welfare to the nation.  A uniform and common growth strategy shall implement and accelerate the deprived. Formulation of common developmental plan which is unique may bypass the diversities of incredible India.  This type of inclusive growth strategy shall create a platform for the broader benefits by emphasizing equality in allocating the resources, providing opportunities and services to every section of the society. Vision is kept highly on the pro-poor growth of the deprived. In Social structure men were kept unjustifiably superior which planted paternal bias, powerlessness and dependence of women. It boosted opportunities for vulnerability and crimes against women in the society, as violence is opposed to reason, human rights and welfare state principles. Hence, the legal system should ensure Education, Freedom, Dignity, Safety and Justice to women in all spheres highlighting the constitutional perspectives of gender equality. This paper tries to analyse the constitutional safeguards, legal mechanisms, developmental policies for women empowerment.