The data on Coronavirus were changing on daily basis, and it was difficult to provide current statistics for the affected, recovered and casualties. However, based on some initial studies, a few characteristics were emerging for this virus. This paper is based on the review of published papers in journals and news papers about multifaced effects of the pandemic. The review shows that there is an innovative transformation in the form of the trajectory of the pandemic in different spears of human life. Starting from the event in China its spread in 97% of the nations created economic, social, psychological, environmental, ethical and work life issues. The result of the studies upon the pandemic is exhaustive and only selected spears were analysed to arrive at the conclusion of its transformative results and characteristics.
Mangroves are a unique habitat rich in biodiversity. They are known as the plant army of the land. Present study is an attempt to simulate the accumulation and transport behaviour of cobalt by mangroves in sewage sludge included soil. Plants found on such fields absorb heavy metals, which causes phyto-toxicity. This manuscript is based on the dynamic macroscopic numerical model for heavy metal movement. The model is applied for simulating cobalt transport by Common Derris (Derris trifoliate) and Sea Holly (Acanthus ilicifolius) using measured field information. The controlling non-linear differential equations are settled numerically utilizing MATLAB.
Changing scenario of organizational climate in the catholic hospitals of Kerala and Karnataka were studied in the context of job satisfaction. The methodology used was qualitative in approach and narrative in design. The paper focused on the subjective experiences of selected nurses and ancillary staff. The objective of the part of the doctoral study was focused on the variables such as; 1) Communication flow, organizational structure and methodology of change in the administration, 2) Management policies in decision making, professional and personal growth 3) Personnel treatment in terms of organizational warmth and recognition and free from exploitation and stress and 4) Job Satisfaction, work group, leadership and communication. The result showed positive and favourable experience from the part of nursing and ancillary staff in both the states deriving an innovative model in the area of organizational climate that could be replicated in service-oriented health institutions.
Pros and Cons of Government Support in Creation of Women Entrepreneurship in Medium and Large Scale Industries in South India
Today, women in India are scaling equal to that of men in different fields of business, which enabled government to concentrate on creation and development of women entrepreneurship in India. Government of India has launched different financial and other schemes in which some are meant specially for women like Stand-Up India scheme which provides loan only to women and SC/ST entrepreneurs. As on 31.01.2020, 70% of the total loan borrowers of Pradhan Mantri MUDRA are Women. As on 17.02.2020, more than 81% account holders under Stand Up India Scheme are women and Rs. 9106.13 crore has been disbursed for women account holders. We can find women’s taking initiatives in different fields but majority of the women entrepreneurs are limiting themselves to small sector. Even though this is help them to become self-employed but focusing on medium and large scale entrepreneurship can help to boost the economic growth. Therefore, the present study tries to find out reasons behind women’s taking entrepreneurship in small sectors in large number instead of medium and large scale entrepreneurship. Primary data using telephonic interview, have been extracted from women entrepreneurs who have taken government support in creating their entrepreneurial initiative. Convenience sampling method has been used to select samples.
Entrepreneurial qualities and skills are essential for industrial development as well as eradication of poverty by means of creating self employment and employment to others. The Central and the State governments are trying their best for promotion of entrepreneurship among the economically backward castes, particularly scheduled castes and scheduled tribes through policy measures and institutional network. Keeping in view the need and importance of the entrepreneurship development among under privileged communities in the present era of globalisation, the present study is undertaken to probe into the entrepreneurial process, problems and challenges faced by the SC/ST entrepreneurs and to make some possible suggestions.
Credit is essential for rural development, especially for farming sector. Financial requirements of the farming sector have increased tremendously over the last few decades due to the extended use of fertilizers, improved seeds and mechanization. Credit flows for rural economic development initially made through cooperative societies have contributed much to the improvement of the financial condition of agriculture and rural economy. Institutional credit has been viewed as an important instrument for serving rural development especially in the agricultural sector. The role of banking institution in rural development in India has undergone vast changes since the nationalization of major commercial banks. The study evaluated the economic effectiveness of rural credit among farmers in Kasaragod district. The analysis on agricultural production, income, standard of living, saving and investment of farmers before and after credit revealed the effectiveness of rural credit. The result shows that rural credit influenced agricultural production level, income, standard of living and saving of farmers effectively.