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An Analysis of Road Dust Samples to Understand the Influence of Vehicle Density on the Heavy Metal Accumulation in Kannur District, Kerala, India

The present study is an attempt to assess the heavy metal buildup in road dust samples of heavy traffic areas of Narath Panchayath, Kannur district. Samples have been collected from the roadside and are analyzed using X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy technique. The study also deals with health effects associated with heavy metal accumulation in the study area by calculating and interpreting the various hazard index parameters such as contamination factor, enrichment factor, geo-accumulation index, pollution load index, and degree of contamination. The concentration of heavy metals such as Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb has been quantified and reported in the ppb units. It is observed that the study area has a specific higher concentration of Fe and a lower concentration of Cd. The index parameters were calculated from the observed concentration of heavy metals and thereby pollution rate is understood. The study indicates that the metallic dust emitted from the vehicles significantly contributed to the heavy metal concentration in the area. The buildup of heavy metals is also influenced by traffic density, weather conditions, and human and industrial activities in that area. The detailed results and discussion of the present systematic investigation are given in the manuscript.

Social Anxiety as a Function of Shyness and Locus of Control

In adolescence many children experience social anxiety in new social situations where they always try to avoid crowd. They always worry doing something they think is embarrassing such as blushing, sweating or appearing incompetent. They also find it difficult to do things when others are watching because they might feel they are being watched and judged all the time, fear of being criticized or have low self-esteem. Shyness is common which refers to feeling uncomfortable in social situations. If someone feels shy, still can motivate themselves to perform the work required. But someone with social anxiety can affect someone’s quality of life. And locus of control refers to the extent to which individuals believe they can control events affecting them. This study was done to investigate how social anxiety correlates with shyness and locus of control among the adolescence. Comparative study was done and the results show that there is correlation between shyness and locus of control but no significant correlation between social anxiety and locus of control.

Reasons for Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Migrant Construction Workers in North India

In a population of 20,000 migrant construction workers in selected strata in Gurgaon and New Delhi, 2670 samples were examined. The socioeconomic status of migrant construction workers and various reasons for migration were investigated. An extensive number of village youngsters, including minors, were employed as migratory construction labourers, according to the exploratory research and case study. The leading causes of young migration to cities are poverty, a lack of employment opportunities, and the children’s requirements in terms of health and education. Their exposure to government social programmes is insufficient, and their saving habits were found to be highly unbalanced.

Employee Retention Strategies Adopted by Companies in Kerala: A Case Study

Employee retention is the systematic effort to retain the current employees by providing best policies and to recognize various expectations of the employees. The challenge is not only to attract the talented employees and to retain them. This study analyzed the organizational factors influencing the employee retention and revealed individual factors leading employees to leave the organization and examined the necessary conditions to retain the employees. The major findings derived from the analysis precisely discloses that the respondents are satisfied with compensation benefits and working environment, the employees feel that their work load is fairly distributed.

Health Care Equity: An Analysis of Ayushman Bharat: A National Health Protection Scheme in India

Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess how Ayushman Bharat’s introduction aims to realize the vision of healthcare coverage for the socially and economically disadvantaged and assess the program based on the assistance it provides to individuals.

Design/methodology/approach: The study aims to analyze Ayushman Bharat’s Health and Wellness Centers (HWC) and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) programs in light of their difficulties, drawbacks, and effects on different states. As a result, the study adopts a case study methodology

Findings: Ayushman Bharat (AB-HWCs and ABPMJAY) can accomplish its core goals of providing comprehensive coverage to the vulnerable population and lowering catastrophic healthcare costs, according to a closer examination of the implementation of the initiatives and performance over the past year. The current state of public health services, the imbalanced healthcare infrastructure in metropolitan areas, the limited involvement of the private sector, and the ability of the initiative to quickly adapt to new and developing restrictions, however, may limit the reach and results of the initiative.

Originality: Since health risks are among the biggest threats to poor people’s capacity to support themselves, achieving health equity is essential to the battle against poverty. By analyzing an innovative healthcare funding model to enable health equity from a developing country, India, the study brings value.

Sunrise from the Debris: Mansarovar Model of Slum People's Participatory Emancipation

Urbanization and fleeing from villages to cities are very high in India. Urban population and economy are mixed one where we meet richest and poorest, people highly accessed to all the facilities and people extremely neglected even for their primary needs, some living in luxuries and others striving for the survival. Urban slums are also in some extent neglected face of urban life. There are around 6.5 crore people living in urban slums in India. If we look at the top ten states having high rate of slum population Maharashtra comes first and Delhi comes at 10th rank. This research study is based on the works done by an NGO in a slum called Mansarovar Park, Delhi. This paper is dealing with the issues and problems that slum people had undergone in relation to their health and hygiene, education transportation etc and how the NGO could intervene on the issues and problems. This is a qualitative study based on the focused group discussion conducted on 14th November 2021 at Mansarovar Park Slum, Dilshad Garden, Delhi. There were seven participants in the focused group discussion among them four were representing the slum, then social worker and two researchers. The data recorded and it presented in verbatim form and it is analyzed and presented here thematically. The major findings of the study are that: There were health and hygienic issues which led to malaria and other diseases; people were aware of the need of awakening from the current situation to build up a healthy environment for their survival and this particular NGO played a vital role for the empowerment and sensitization of the people and enhancing people participation in the slum by supportive systems.

FDI and Its Relationship with Macroeconomic Variables

FDI refers to capital inflows from abroad that are invested to enhance the production capacity of the economy. FDI and economic growth has long been a subject of great interest in the field of international growth. In the era of volatile flows of global capital, the stability of FDI emerges as an effective channel to faster economic growth. In developing countries it plays an important role in the long-term development of a country as a source of capital and for enhancing competitiveness of the domestic economy through transfer of technology, strengthening infrastructure, raising productivity and generating new employment opportunities.

Spinal Cord Injury and Employment: Lived Experiences of Individuals with Paraplegia

Spinal cord injury that damages the spinal cord causes loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the body parts of a person with paraplegia. The injury affects their life physically, mentally, socially and economically. As time progresses, they should make adjustments for survival. A steady income and employment which provides self-identity are of utmost importance in this situation. But acquiring a job and maintaining it, is very difficult now, as there is competition in every field. This study explores the experiences in employment of persons with paraplegia. The study tries to explore the influencing factors that helped the individuals to continue their employment, their perceived advantages of working after becoming paraplegic and major challenges of work. The study adopted a qualitative framework. Five case studies are conducted. The findings of the study reveal that apart from financial independence, employment helps spinal cord injured persons to gain confidence, self-esteem and create a good identity for them. This improves their quality of life and increases social interactions. The study suggests that it is high time to improve the vocational rehabilitation facilities for spinal cord injury in the state and to consider their participation with improved societal and environmental development.

Psychosocial Problems of Pregnant Women: A Study with Special Reference to Kadaba Taluk

Psychosocial factors influence a person psychologically or socially. Psychosocial problems include mood changes, anxiety, fatigue, sleepiness, depression, urinary infection, panic disorders and others. In this study researcher had taken 50 respondents from Kadaba taluk, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka State. Study used structured questionnaire among 5 to 9 months pregnant women. Researcher used both primary and secondary sources of data and this study shows that 98% of respondents are having back pain problem and were well treated by in- laws. This research revealed almost 80% respondents were economically poor. The study result showed that 82% of the pregnant women got sufficient care from the family.

Production and Export of Organic Products: Opportunities and Challenges

Organic farming is one of the most important and celebrated systems of agriculture from the point of view of agricultural sustainability. It combines modern scientific techniques of cultivation with tradition to benefit the environment and ecosystem in general and promote a good quality of life for all in particular. It has a concealed production and trade opportunities for both developing and developed countries. The production and market for organic products have been growing continuously for the past two decades. Organic products are often traded with a price premium in domestic as well as international markets. However, the production and marketing possibilities are underutilized all over the world, especially in developing countries. The organic farming movement in India is showing modest growth both in terms of production and marketing. There exists an unexplored market potential for organic products both domestically and internationally.

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